According to Hyland et al (2017), CPTSD shares three main symptoms with PTSD which include:

  1.   RE –Re-experiencing the trauma in the present (visual/emotional flashbacks; nightmares)
  2.   AV – Avoidance of traumatic reminders (thoughts, people, places, things)
  3.   SOT – Persistent sense of threat (hypervigilant, increased arousal, startle response